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ʶˮˮָݰķ

ߣൺϣ빫˾      ʱ䣺2019-06-12

 

ʶˮˮָݰ

ָݰ֣¼ơ֡*i½̱ţ¼ơšʶܡ1972ˮȾƷ¼ơˮˮʵ߷ԺڡˮˮΧľ˿ϴ½̱ŵİSWANCCԼRapanosİRapanosļ˻ֺͱˮҪ󼰸θSWANCC Rapanosҵʵʩ涨ΪֳԱھˮǷܡˮʱṩָ

ָݰֳּԱ˵ĵǰЭ飬ָݰǹ涨߷ԼָݰʽȷݡˮĿ20032008귢ڡˮ򡱵ֳԱָϡȻЩָ߷Чȴͺ˵ǶԵǰҪ⡣£ţȫֳԱָ棬ָȡ2008ѵӳ˸ڡˮϽȨ⣬߷ԺľͻȻÿһϽȨȷӦݾ尸ֱԴԭУӦǰľʵ£õķɷԼ

󲢿˹ڵ֮󣬻ֺͱ

ϣļ򷨽һ̽ӽʼͨ涨շԺľһ塶ˮĹϽȨΧΪ˵ǵǰ⣬ͬʱDzչֺͱžӲԼָݰʼ

ˮΪ˻ָֹˮѧѧԡָ᳹ˮľ涨ʵһĿꡣˮһЩּڱͻָˮĿЩĿȫصˮṩЧʹ֮Ⱦаṩˮˮ򣬲ȾṩˮΪԺ͵㡢ҵṩ֧֡


ǣˮڡˮ򡱡 ֺ½̱ΰշ涨߷Ժˮ̬ϵͳؿѧԼֳʶܡˮˮָһȷݡˮĿڡˮ򡱵ָȻԸǰĹϽȨָ¿š

߷ԺѻˮˮķΧRiverside Bayview Homes, Inc. (474 U.S. 121 (1985))У߷Ժö봫ͳͨˮڵʪӦΪˮ˿ϴ½̱ŵİУԺˮԹǺڳϽȨ⣬϶ˮĹϽȨܽԺĴΪݡRapanosУԺˡˮڷǺ֧ı⣬ûһ÷Ժ֧֡˹Ǵ󷨹ǩĶΪˮͳˮ⣬ӦԹ̶ֹˮ塱һ˵Թ̶ˮ򡰲һڸɺ¿ܻɺԵϪ򼾽Ժһˮڸɺ·ݸɺԡƣֻСӡϽˮʪزΪڡˮܡˮı

˵ٵIJȡ˹Ǵ󷨹ͬķ˵ϴ󷨹ٵĽΪˮ򡱰봫ͳͨˮԹϵʪأǡЩʪҪôõ½һӰѱΪˮѧԡ ʷ˹ǩְ֧ոй涨ĹϽǽյĶ˵ϴ󷨹ٵʹϽȨ

ǰָţԷ϶˵ϴ󷨹ٱ׼ˮŹϽȨRapanosΪٽ֧׼һĹϽȨȻϸЩ󣬸ĽۣǰָûȫʹˮȨδշԺĽͽЩˮˮıΧָݰԸĽ˽Ϊۣаˮα봫ͳͨˮСԹϵˮݼˮ򡣴⣬ָݰǰָδ˵ģˮˮΧķݣ޼ˮ򣩡

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